Wiktionary heavily uses diverse scripts from numerous languages. It has adopted Unicode (UTF-8) as the "encoding" scheme for its websites. In order to view this Bangla version of Wiktionary, you need to have your computer set up to see web pages encoded in Unicode Bangla scripts. To do this, you need to have a Unicode capable browser and Unicode Bangla fonts. Both Internet Explorer and Firefox's latest versions support viewing Bangla scripts once you install the fonts, but Google Chrome does not.
Check for existing support[সম্পাদনা]
The following line of text shows how your computer renders the above line:
ক + ি → কি
If the rendering on your computer matches the rendering on the image, then you have already enabled complex text support for Bangla and should be able to view text correctly in Bangla script. However, this does not mean you will be able to edit text in Bangla. To edit such text you need to install the appropriate keyboard software on your operating system. Megh peoner bager bhetor mon kharaper deesta Mon kharap hole kuasha hoy, byakul hole teesta
Windows XP (Service Pack 2)[সম্পাদনা]
Go through the following steps:
- Download the latest version of Internet Explorer (IE7 or later), Opera (Opera 9) or Firefox browser (Firefox 2.0 or later) or Google Chrome(Google Chrome)
- Download Unicode Bangla fonts from the web and install them on your operating system; quite a few of these fonts are freely available. Here is a list of web locations that house such fonts.
- Go to control panel -> Regional and Language Options -> Language, and check the "Install files for complex scripts and right-to-left languages" option. You will need your Windows XP SP2 installer CD to install these new files.
- Install Bangla support on your browsers:
- On Internet Explorer 6: Go to Tools -> Internet Options -> General -> Languages, and add Bengali as a language.
- On Firefox 1.5: Go to Tools -> Options -> Advanced -> General -> Edit Languages..., and add Bengali as a language.
- Go to your browser's "view" menu and set the "character encoding" or "encoding" feature to: Unicode (UTF-8).
- If you want to change to a favorite Bangla Unicode font for your webpages:
- For Internet Explorer 6: Go to Tools-->Internet options-->Fonts, choose Bengali from the Language Script pulldown menu and select from one of the available Bangla fonts in your system.
- For Firefox 1.5: Go to Tools -> Options -> Content tab -> Advanced... in the Fonts and colors section. In the pop up window titled "Fonts", select Bengali from the "Fonts for:" pulldown Menu and set a Bengali font of your choice for various kinds of fields like Serif, Sans Serif, Monospace, etc. to be shown on webpages.
- For Opera 9: Go to Tools -> Preferences -> Advanced tab -> Fonts>International fonts>choose bangla from drop down list. Select the Bangla font of your choice. In most cases,opera automatically detects unicode support if you have it in your operating system and have installed the correct fonts, so you may not require the steps above.
- Go to Start -> Control Panel -> Regional and Language Options -> Language, and check the option “Install files for complex scripts and right-to-left languages" and insert Win XP CD in your CD-ROM drive to install the files.
- Download and install any Bangla input interface software from the list provided near the end of this article.
- Follow the help guide/manual that comes with the applications for instructions on how to input Bangla. You should be able to input anywhere you need to type bangla provided the application is unicode compliant. Ideally, you should also be able to input Bengali directly into the edit window of this wiki in your browser.
Windows 95, 98, ME and NT[সম্পাদনা]
These operating systems contain no support for indic scripts (combined letters) and thus no support for Bangla script. However, downloading Internet Explorer 6.0, Opera (9 or later) or Mozilla Firefox (you need version 2.0 or later!) should enable you to view Bangla scripts on these operating systems but you will not be able to edit any Bangla text. If after downloading the appropriate browser you still cannot view Indic scripts please install an appropriate Unicode Bangla font.
Bangla script support is automatically enabled.
You do not need to do anything to enable viewing of Bangla text.
You can use any unicode compliant standard input methods.
Mac OS X[সম্পাদনা]
Unicode support is built into Mac OS X (Cocoa based applications). You need to download and install Bangla unicode supported fonts with Apple Advanced Typography (AAT) to enable it. You can download some of them from Ekushey.Org. To view unicode Bangla web pages use Safari as your browser. Currently Firefox/Mozilla/Camino do not support AAT. (Firefox 3 appears to support AAT fine.) As a result you will not see Bangla properly on those browsers. To input Bangla you have to download unicode Bangla keyboard layouts. You can download some of the layouts from Ekushey.Org.
Linux with Gnome Desktop[সম্পাদনা]
You do not need to do anything to enable viewing of Indic text in Gnome 2.8 or later. Ensure you have Bangla Unicode fonts.
When using Mozilla or Firefox, you must enable Pango rendering by opening xterm and typing
MOZ_ENABLE_PANGO=1 mozilla or
MOZ_ENABLE_PANGO=1 firefox. After this, all future sessions of Mozilla or Firefox will have Bangla language support. This will work only on Firefox compiled with ctl support. The firefox binaries supplied by Fedora Core 4, Debian and Ubuntu Linux are compiled with this ctl and set this option, by default. Also, make sure that you have Firefox 2.0 or later; earlier versions have a bug concerning rendering of Indic fonts.
- Go to Applications > Preferences > Keyboard.
- Select the "Layouts" tab.
- Select the keyboard for the language or script you wish to use from the "Available Layouts" frame and then press "Add".
- Press "Close" to discard the dialog box.
- Right click on the main menu on your desktop and select "Add to Panel...".
- Select "Keyboard Indicator" and click "Add".
- Position the keyboard indicator on your menu bar and click it to switch between keyboard layouts.
Linux with KDE Desktop[সম্পাদনা]
You do not need to do anything to enable viewing of Indic text. Ensure you have appropriate Unicode fonts for each script you wish to view or edit.আমার নাম শাহাদাত
- In the Control Center, go to Regional & Accessibility, Keyboard Layout
- In the tab Layout, click on Enable keyboard layouts
- Choose the layouts you want to use in Available layouts
- Click on Apply
- Now, you will have an icon for the KDE Keyboard Tool in your panel, in which you can change between the various keyboard layouts you have selected before
Locations of free unicode bangla fonts (alphabetically)[সম্পাদনা]
- Bharat Lipi's Bangla font
- Ekushey Unicode based Free Bangla Fonts
- Omicronlab's Bangla fonts
- Free Bangla Font Project
- The Lohit fonts project - The Lohit fonts are a set of 11 fonts for indic scripts, including Bangla/Bengali. They are available on most current Linux distributions. However, package names may differ, e.g. ttf-fonts-indic for Debian and Ubuntu/Kubuntu, fonts-indic for Gentoo and Fedora.
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi Font[সম্পাদনা]
Download the font especially prepared in accordance with the rules of Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi from this link.
List of software/resources that enable writing in unicode Bangla (sorted alphabetically)[সম্পাদনা]
- Enabling Bengali Keyboard Layout for Linux from Ankur
- Inputting Bangla in SUSE Linux : Unijoy Keyboard from Darklord
- Typing Bangla on Ubuntu Linux With UniJoy layout and use the layout on all Ubuntu Applications from Omi Azad
- Viewing Bangla Unicode Website for Ubuntu 7.04 from Haseeb
- Unicode Help Center from [Unicode Help Center]
- Uninagari Bangla Keyboard
- Bangla Web Tools from SM Mahbub Murshed and Arup Kamal
- Bangla Typing Scripts for Wordpress from Hasin Hayder of
- Bangla Typing Scripts for Web Pages from Hasin Hayder of Ekushey
- Shabdik Browser version for Firefox from iecb
- Web-E-Bangla and Web-E-BanglaExact from Bdjobs.com
- Avro Keyboard from OmicronLab
- Bengali Input Method Editor from Microsoft's BhashaIndia [This web site has been reported as an attack site.]
- Ekusheyr Shadhinota from Ekushey
- Shabdik from iecb
Solution for the small fonts problem[সম্পাদনা]
Using the zoom feature in your browser[সম্পাদনা]
If you think the font size is too small, you can use the "text size"/"zoom" feature of your browser to enlarge it. The methods for increasing "text-size" in different browsers are as follows:
- Firefox 1.5: Go to View->Text size->Increase; OR, hold down Control, and press "+"
- Internet Explorer 6: Go to View->Text size->Larger(or, Largest)
- Opera 9: Go to View->Zoom-> (select %); OR, press "+" for a 10% increase.
Modified Vrinda font[সম্পাদনা]
- Solve Bengali Font Problem in Mozilla Firefox
- Enabling complex text support for Indic scripts on Wikipedia - A broader treatment of this topic in the English wikipedia.
- Bangla Unicode Setup Guide
- Avro Keyboard in Wikipedia
- A quick starter for setting up the browsers (Firefox, Opera, Google Chrome).
First, go to your browser's "view" menu and set the "character encoding" or "encoding" feature at: Unicode (UTF-8).
Second, download Unicode Bangla fonts from the web and install them on your operating system; quite a few of these fonts are freely available.
Here is a set of Unicode Bangla fonts you can freely download, install and use. Feel free to add more links to such free Unicode Bangla fonts here in this article.
If you are using Windows XP and IE and still cannot see Bangla, go to Tools-->Internet options-->Fonts, choose Bengali from the Language Script pulldown menu and select one of the available Bangla fonts in your system and see if it works.
If you do not know bangla keyboard layout it is not a problem. Many softwares now a days support phonetic transliteration from English to Bangla. Moreover using Shabdik you would be able to choose from a list of different words coming from integrated dictionary. Other softwares which support english to bangla transliteration are Akkhor and avro.