মডিউল:languages/data2

উইকিঅভিধান, মুক্ত অভিধান থেকে
পরিভ্রমণে চলুন অনুসন্ধানে চলুন

This module contains definitions and metadata for two-letter language codes. See Wiktionary:Languages for more information.

This module must not be used directly in other modules or templates. The data should be accessed through Module:languages.

Required values[সম্পাদনা]

Every entry in the table must contain the following properties:

canonicalName
The "canonical" name of the language. This is the name that is used in Wiktionary entries and category names.
type
The type of language (which affects how it is handled on Wiktionary). Possible values are:
  • regular - This language is attested according to WT:CFI and therefore permitted in the main namespace. There may also be reconstructed terms for the language, which are placed in the Appendix namespace and must be prefixed with * to indicate a reconstruction. Most languages should use this.
  • reconstructed - This language is not attested according to CFI, and therefore is allowed only in the Appendix namespace. All terms in this language are reconstructed, and must be prefixed with *.
  • appendix-constructed - This language is attested but does not meet the additional requirements set out for constructed languages (WT:CFI#Constructed languages). Its entries must therefore be in the Appendix namespace, but they are not reconstructed and therefore should not have * prefixed in links.
scripts
A list of script codes, see Wiktionary:Scripts. These represent all the scripts (writing systems) that this language employs, which are used on the main category of the language. If you do not know the script, use "None".
Most templates and modules will use a default script when no script is specified for them, but the script codes are interpreted in two different ways:
  • Templates and modules that use detect_script in Module:utilities will try to detect the script (based on the characters in the text), using the list of scripts as a list of possible scripts to try to detect. If the script cannot be detected, the first listed script is used by default.
  • All other templates and modules will generally use the first script listed as the default script.
family
The code for the family that the language belongs to. See Wiktionary:Families. If you do not know the family, use "qfa-und".

Optional values[সম্পাদনা]

The following properties are used for text substitution; they replace or remove certain (sets of) characters or sets of characters. They all work similar, and are all optional. The search and replacement patterns are those used by the standard mw.ustring.gsub function. They resemble regular expressions; see search/replace patterns for more information.

If present, each of these properties must be a table that contains two tables, one named from and one named to. These two tables are organised pairwise: each element in from is a pattern to identify which characters in the term to replace, while the corresponding element in to defines what to replace them with. If the replacement is not present or if it is false or nil, it defaults to an empty replacement, meaning that the matching characters are removed altogether. This means that the from list can be longer than the to list, and an empty replacement will be assumed for any elements in from that have no counterpart in to.

At the top of the module, there is a list of combining characters with names. These are provided for convenience and readability, as combining characters generally do not display property inside the module code (although they do not affect the actual operation of the module).

entry_name
Defines replacements to create the entry name from the displayed form of a term. This can be used to remove certain diacritical marks according to the customs or standard practice of the language. For example, it is used to remove accent marks from Russian words, or macrons from Latin or Old English words, as these are not used in the normal written form of these languages. This is used by remove_diacritics in Module:links.
sort_key
Defines replacements to create a category sort key from the page name. The purpose is to remove any characters that are ignored in sorting, and to replace similar characters with identical ones if the sorting rules for that language do not distinguish them. For example, in German, the characters "ä" and "a" are considered equivalent for sorting, and are both treated as "a". The page name is converted to lowercase before applying the replacements, so you should not add uppercase letters to the "from" lists. This is used by format_categories in Module:utilities.

These are other optional values:

otherNames
A table of all the names that this language is known by, other than the canonical name. The list should include not only synonyms for the language, but also names that refer to language varieties that are subsumed under the same grouping. For example, while "Flemish" is not synonymous with "Dutch", Flemish is considered a part of Dutch, so the name is listed there.
translit_module
The name of a module that is used to generate transliterations of terms, without the Module: prefix. This module must export a function named tr that is defined as follows:
tr(text, lang, sc)
The three parameters are the text to be transliterated, the language code, and the script code. The function can ignore the language and script codes, but they are provided for cases when a language has more than one script, or when a single function is used to transliterate multiple languages sharing the same script.
ancestors
A table listing the language codes of the direct ancestors of this language. For example, for English one would list enm (Middle English) but not ang (Old English). For most languages, only one value should be specified in the list, but multiple ancestors can be listed for pidgins, creoles and mixed languages.
wikimedia_codes
A table listing the Wikimedia language codes that this language maps to. This is used to translate Wiktionary codes to Wikimedia codes, which are usually the same but there are a few languages where it is different. The language codes must be valid Wikimedia codes (as determined by the wiki software), and if they are not defined in one of the language data modules, they must be defined in Module:wikimedia languages/data.

local u = mw.ustring.char

-- UTF-8 encoded strings for some commonly-used diacritics
local GRAVE     = u(0x0300)
local ACUTE     = u(0x0301)
local CIRC      = u(0x0302)
local TILDE     = u(0x0303)
local MACRON    = u(0x0304)
local BREVE     = u(0x0306)
local DOTABOVE  = u(0x0307)
local DIAER     = u(0x0308)
local CARON     = u(0x030C)
local DGRAVE    = u(0x030F)
local INVBREVE  = u(0x0311)
local DOTBELOW  = u(0x0323)
local RINGBELOW = u(0x0325)
local CEDILLA   = u(0x0327)
local OGONEK    = u(0x0328)
local DOUBLEINVBREVE = u(0x0361)

-- Punctuation to be used for standardChars field
local PUNCTUATION = ' !#%&*+,-./:;<=>?@^_`|~\'()'

local Cyrl = {"Cyrl"}
local Latn = {"Latn"}
local LatnArab = {"Latn", "Arab"}

local m = {}

m["aa"] = {
	"Afar",
	"Q27811",
	"cus",
	aliases = {"Qafar"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = { remove_diacritics = ACUTE},
}

m["ab"] = {
	"Abkhaz",
	"Q5111",
	"cau-abz",
	aliases = {"Abkhazian", "Abxazo"},
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Geor", "Latn"},
	translit_module = "ab-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	entry_name = {
		from = {GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["ae"] = {
	"Avestan",
	"Q29572",
	"ira-cen",
	aliases = {"Zend", "Old Bactrian"},
	scripts = {"Avst", "Gujr"},
	translit_module = "Avst-translit",
	wikipedia_article = "Avestan",
}

m["af"] = {
	"Afrikaans",
	"Q14196",
	"gmw",
	scripts = LatnArab,
	ancestors = {"nl"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[äáâà]", "[ëéêè]", "[ïíîì]", "[öóôò]", "[üúûù]", "[ÿýŷỳ]", "^-", "'"},
		to   = {"a"	 , "e"	, "i"	, "o"	, "u"  , "y" }} ,
}

m["ak"] = {
	"Akan",
	"Q28026",
	"alv-ctn",
	varieties = {"Twi-Fante", "Twi", {"Fante", "Fanti"}, "Asante", "Akuapem"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["am"] = {
	"Amharic",
	"Q28244",
	"sem-eth",
	scripts = {"Ethi"},
	translit_module = "Ethi-translit",
}

m["an"] = {
	"Aragonese",
	"Q8765",
	"roa-ibe",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"roa-oan"},
}

m["ar"] = {
	"Arabic",
	"Q13955",
	"sem-arb",
	-- FIXME, some of the following are varieties but it's not clear which ones
	otherNames = {"Modern Standard Arabic", "Standard Arabic", "Literary Arabic", "Classical Arabic"},
	scripts = {"Arab", "Brai"},
	-- replace alif waṣl with alif
	-- remove tatweel and diacritics: fathatan, dammatan, kasratan, fatha,
	-- damma, kasra, shadda, sukun, superscript (dagger) alef
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x0671), u(0x0640), "[" .. u(0x064B) .. "-" .. u(0x0652) .. "]", u(0x0670)},
		to   = {u(0x0627)}},
	translit_module = "ar-translit",
	standardChars = "ء-غف-ْٰٱ" .. PUNCTUATION .. "٠-٩،؛؟٫٬ـ",
}

m["as"] = {
	"অসমীয়া",
	aliases = {"Asamiya"},
	"Q29401",
	"inc-eas",
	scripts = {"as-Beng"},
	ancestors = {"inc-mas"},
}

m["av"] = {
	"Avar",
	"Q29561",
	"cau-nec",
	aliases = {"Avaric"},
	scripts = Cyrl,
	ancestors = {"oav"},
	translit_module = "av-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	entry_name = {
		from = {GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["ay"] = {
	"Aymara",
	"Q4627",
	"sai-aym",
	varieties = {"Southern Aymara", "Central Aymara"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["az"] = {
	"Azerbaijani",
	"Q9292",
	"trk-ogz",
	aliases = {"Azeri", "Azari", "Azeri Turkic", "Azerbaijani Turkic"},
	varieties = {"North Azerbaijani", "South Azerbaijani",
		{"Afshar", "Afshari", "Afshar Azerbaijani", "Afchar"},
		{"Qashqa'i", "Qashqai", "Kashkay"},
		"Sonqor"
	},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Cyrl", "fa-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"trk-oat"},
}

m["ba"] = {
	"Bashkir",
	"Q13389",
	"trk-kbu",
	scripts = Cyrl,
	translit_module = "ba-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["be"] = {
	"Belarusian",
	"Q9091",
	"zle",
	aliases = {"Belorussian", "Belarusan", "Bielorussian", "Byelorussian", "Belarussian", "White Russian"},
	scripts = Cyrl,
	ancestors = {"orv"},
	translit_module = "be-translit",
	sort_key = {
		from = {"Ё", "ё"},
		to   = {"Е" , "е"}},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"Ѐ", "ѐ", GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {"Е", "е"}},
}

m["bg"] = {
	"Bulgarian",
	"Q7918",
	"zls",
	scripts = {"Cyrl"},
	ancestors = {"cu"},
	translit_module = "bg-translit",
	entry_name = {
		from = {"Ѐ", "ѐ", "Ѝ", "ѝ", GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {"Е", "е", "И", "и"}},
}

m["bh"] = {
	"Bihari",
	"Q135305",
	"inc-eas",
	scripts = {"Deva"},
	ancestors = {"inc-mgd"},
}

m["bi"] = {
	"Bislama",
	"Q35452",
	"crp",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"en"},
}

m["bm"] = {
	"Bambara",
	"Q33243",
	"dmn-emn",
	aliases = {"Bamanankan"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["bn"] = {
	"বাংলা",
	"Q9610",
	"inc-eas",
	aliases = {"Bangla"},
	scripts = {"Beng", "Newa"},
	ancestors = {"inc-mbn"},
}

m["bo"] = {
	"Tibetan",
	"Q34271",
	"sit-tib",
	varieties = {
		{"Amdo Tibetan", "Amdo"},
		"Dolpo",
		{"Khams", "Khams Tibetan"}, "Khamba",
		"Gola",
		"Humla",
		"Limi", {"Lhasa", "Lhasa Tibetan"}, "Lhomi", "Loke", "Lowa",
		"Mugom", "Mugu", "Mustang",
		"Nubri",
		"Panang",
		"Shing Saapa",
		"Thudam", "Tichurong", "Tseku",
		{"Ü", "Dbus"},
		"Walungge"}, -- and "Gyalsumdo", "Lower Manang"? "Kyirong"?
	scripts = {"Tibt"}, -- sometimes Deva?
	ancestors = {"xct"},
	translit_module = "bo-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["br"] = {
	"Breton",
	"Q12107",
	"cel-bry",
	varieties = {{"Gwenedeg", "Vannetais"}, {"Kerneveg", "Cornouaillais"}, {"Leoneg", "Léonard"}, {"Tregerieg", "Trégorrois"}},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"xbm"},
}

m["ca"] = {
	"Catalan",
	"Q7026",
	"roa",
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"roa-oca"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"à", "[èé]", "[íï]", "[òó]", "[úü]", "ç", "l·l"},
		to   = {"a", "e"   , "i"   , "o"   , "u"   , "c", "ll" }} ,
}

m["ce"] = {
	"Chechen",
	"Q33350",
	"cau-vay",
	scripts = Cyrl,
	translit_module = "ce-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	entry_name = {
		from = {MACRON},
		to   = {}},
}

m["ch"] = {
	"Chamorro",
	"Q33262",
	"poz-sus",
	aliases = {"Chamoru"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["co"] = {
	"Corsican",
	"Q33111",
	"roa-itd",
	aliases = {"Corsu"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["cr"] = {
	"Cree",
	"Q33390",
	"alg",
	scripts = {"Cans", "Latn"},
	translit_module = "translit-redirect",
}

m["cs"] = {
	"Czech",
	"Q9056",
	"zlw",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"zlw-ocs"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "[úů]", "ý"},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u"   , "y"}} ,
}

m["cu"] = {
	"Old Church Slavonic",
	"Q35499",
	"zls",
	aliases = {"Old Church Slavic"},
	scripts = {"Cyrs", "Glag"},
	translit_module = "Cyrs-Glag-translit",
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x0484)}, -- kamora
		to   = {}},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"оу", "є"},
		to   = {"у" , "е"}} ,
}

m["cv"] = {
	"Chuvash",
	"Q33348",
	"trk-ogr",
	scripts = Cyrl,
	translit_module = "cv-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["cy"] = {
	"Welsh",
	"Q9309",
	"cel-bry",
	varieties = {"Cofi Welsh", {"Dyfedeg", "Dyfed Welsh", "Demetian"}, {"Gwenhwyseg", "Gwent Welsh", "Gwentian"}, {"Gwyndodeg", "Gwynedd Welsh", "Venedotian"}, "North Wales Welsh", {"Powyseg", "Powys Welsh", "Powysian"}, "South Wales Welsh", "Patagonian Welsh"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"wlm"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[âáàä]", "ch", "dd", "[êéèë]", "ff", "ngh", "[îíìï]", "ll", "[ôóòö]", "ph", "rh", "th", "[ûúùü]", "[ŵẃẁẅ]", "[ŷýỳÿ]", "'"},
		to   = {"a"	    , "c~", "d~", "e"	  , "f~", "g~h", "i"	  , "l~", "o"	  , "p~", "r~", "t~", "u"	  , "w"     , "y"	       }} ,
	standardChars = "A-IL-PR-UWYa-il-pr-uwy0-9ÂâÊêÎîÔôÛûŴŵŶŷ" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["da"] = {
	"Danish",
	"Q9035",
	"gmq",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmq-oda"},
}

m["de"] = {
	"German",
	"Q188",
	"gmw",
	aliases = {"High German", "New High German", "Deutsch"},
	varieties = {"Alsatian German", "American German",
		"Bavarian German", "Belgian German",
		"Central German",
		"DDR German",
		"East African German",
		"German German",
		"Hessian German",
		"Indiana German",
		"Liechtenstein German", "Lorraine German", "Luxembourgish German",
		"Namibian German", "Northern German",
		"Prussian German",
		"Silesia German", "South African German", "Southern German", "South Tyrolean German", "Switzerland German",
		"Texan German"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Latf"},
	ancestors = {"gmh"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[äàáâå]", "[ëèéê]", "[ïìíî]", "[öòóô]", "[üùúû]", "ß" },
		to   = {"a"	  , "e"	 , "i"	 , "o"	 , "u"	 , "ss"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-Za-z0-9ÄäÖöÜüß" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["dv"] = {
	"Dhivehi",
	"Q32656",
	"inc-ins",
	aliases = {"Divehi", "Maldivian"},
	varieties = {{"Mahal", "Mahl"}},
	scripts = {"Thaa"},
	ancestors = {"elu-prk"},
	translit_module = "dv-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["dz"] = {
	"Dzongkha",
	"Q33081",
	"sit-tib",
	scripts = {"Tibt"},
	ancestors = {"xct"},
	translit_module = "bo-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["ee"] = {
	"Ewe",
	"Q30005",
	"alv-gbe",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["el"] = {
	"Greek",
	"Q9129",
	"grk",
	aliases = {"Modern Greek", "Neo-Hellenic"},
	scripts = {"Grek", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"grc"},
	translit_module = "el-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	sort_key = {  -- Keep this synchronized with grc, cpg, pnt, tsd
		from = {"[ᾳάᾴὰᾲᾶᾷἀᾀἄᾄἂᾂἆᾆἁᾁἅᾅἃᾃἇᾇ]", "[έὲἐἔἒἑἕἓ]", "[ῃήῄὴῂῆῇἠᾐἤᾔἢᾒἦᾖἡᾑἥᾕἣᾓἧᾗ]", "[ίὶῖἰἴἲἶἱἵἳἷϊΐῒῗ]", "[όὸὀὄὂὁὅὃ]", "[ύὺῦὐὔὒὖὑὕὓὗϋΰῢῧ]", "[ῳώῴὼῲῶῷὠᾠὤᾤὢᾢὦᾦὡᾡὥᾥὣᾣὧᾧ]", "ῥ", "ς"},
		to   = {"α"						, "ε"		 , "η"						, "ι"				, "ο"		 , "υ"				, "ω"						, "ρ", "σ"}} ,
	standardChars = "ͺ;΄-ώϜϝ" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["en"] = {
	"ইংরেজি",
	"Q1860",
	"gmw",
	aliases = {"Modern English", "New English"},
	varieties = {"Polari", "Yinglish"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Brai", "Shaw", "Dsrt"}, -- entries in Shaw or Dsrt might require prior discussion
	ancestors = {"enm"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[äàáâåā]", "[ëèéêē]", "[ïìíîī]", "[öòóôō]", "[üùúûū]", "æ" , "œ" , "[çč]", "ñ", "'"},
		to   = {"a"       , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "ae", "oe", "c"   , "n"}},
	wikimedia_codes = {"en", "simple"},
	standardChars = "A-Za-z0-9" .. PUNCTUATION .. u(0x2800) .. "-" .. u(0x28FF),
}

m["eo"] = {
	"Esperanto",
	"Q143",
	"art",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áà]", "[éè]", "[íì]", "[óò]", "[úù]", "[ĉ]", "[ĝ]", "[ĥ]", "[ĵ]", "[ŝ]", "[ŭ]"},
		to   = {"a"	   , "e"  , "i"  , "o"  , "u", "cĉ", "gĉ", "hĉ", "jĉ", "sĉ", "uĉ"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-PRSTUVZa-prstuvzĉĈĝĜĵĴŝŜŭŬ0-9" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["es"] = {
	"Spanish",
	"Q1321",
	"roa-ibe",
	aliases = {"Castilian"},
	varieties = {{"Amazonian Spanish", "Amazonic Spanish"}, "Loreto-Ucayali Spanish"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"osp"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "[úü]", "ç", "ñ"},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u"   , "c", "n"}},
	standardChars = "A-VXYZa-vxyz0-9ÁáÉéÍíÓóÚúÑñ¿¡" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["et"] = {
	"Estonian",
	"Q9072",
	"fiu-fin",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["eu"] = {
	"Basque",
	"Q8752",
	"euq",
	aliases = {"Euskara"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["fa"] = {
	"Persian",
	"Q9168",
	"ira-swi",
	aliases = {"Farsi", "New Persian", "Modern Persian"},
	varieties = {{"Western Persian", "Iranian Persian"}, {"Eastern Persian", "Dari"}, {"Aimaq", "Aimak", "Aymaq", "Eimak"}},
	scripts = {"fa-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"pal"}, -- "ira-mid"
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x064E), u(0x0640), u(0x064F), u(0x0650), u(0x0651), u(0x0652)},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["ff"] = {
	"Fula",
	"Q33454",
	"alv-fwo",
	aliases = {"Fulani"},
	varieties = {"Adamawa Fulfulde", "Bagirmi Fulfulde", "Borgu Fulfulde", "Central-Eastern Niger Fulfulde", "Fulfulde", "Maasina Fulfulde", "Nigerian Fulfulde", "Pular", "Pulaar", "Western Niger Fulfulde"}, -- Maasina, etc are dialects, subsumed into this code; Pular and Pulaar are distinct
	scripts = {"Latn", "Adlm"},
}

m["fi"] = {
	"Finnish",
	"Q1412",
	"fiu-fin",
	aliases = {"Suomi"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"ˣ"},  -- Used to indicate gemination of the next consonant
		to   = {}},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áàâã]", "[éèêẽ]", "[íìîĩ]", "[óòôõ]", "[úùûũ]", "[ýỳŷüű]", "[øõő]", "æ" , "œ" , "[čç]", "š", "ž", "ß" , "[':]"},
		to   = {"a"	 , "e"	 , "i"	 , "o"	 , "u"	 ,  "y"	 , "ö"	, "ae", "oe", "c"   , "s", "z", "ss"}} ,
}

m["fj"] = {
	"Fijian",
	"Q33295",
	"poz-occ",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["fo"] = {
	"Faroese",
	"Q25258",
	"gmq",
	aliases = {"Faeroese"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"non"},
}

m["fr"] = {
	"French",
	"Q150",
	"roa-oil",
	aliases = {"Modern French"},
	varieties = {"African French", "Algerian French", "Alsatian French", "Antilles French", "Atlantic Canadian French",
		"Belgian French",
		"Congolese French",
		"European French",
		"French French",
		"Haitian French",
		"Ivorian French",
		"Lorraine French", "Louisiana French", "Luxembourgish French",
		"Malian French", "Marseille French", "Missourian French", "Moroccan French",
		"Newfoundland French", "North American French",
		"Picard French", "Provençal French‎",
		"Quebec French",
		"Réunion French", "Rwandan French",
		"Tunisian French",
		"West African French"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"frm"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áàâä]", "[éèêë]", "[íìîï]", "[óòôö]", "[úùûü]", "[ýỳŷÿ]", "ç", "æ" , "œ" , "'"},
		to   = {"a"	 , "e"	 , "i"	 , "o"	 , "u"	 , "y"	 , "c", "ae", "oe"}},
	standardChars = "A-Za-z0-9ÀÂÇÉÈÊËÎÏÔŒÛÙÜàâçéèêëîïôœûùü«»" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["fy"] = {
	"West Frisian",
	"Q27175",
	"gmw-fri",
	aliases = {"Western Frisian"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"ofs"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[àáâä]", "[èéêë]", "[ìíîïyỳýŷÿ]", "[òóôö]", "[ùúûü]", "æ", "[ /.-]"},
		to   = {"a"	 , "e"	, "i"	, "o"	, "u", "ae"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-PR-WYZa-pr-wyz0-9Ææâäàéêëèïìôöòúûüùỳ" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["ga"] = {
	"Irish",
	"Q9142",
	"cel-gae",
	aliases = {"Irish Gaelic", "Gaelic"}, -- calling it simply "Gaelic" is rare in Ireland, but relatively common in the Irish diaspora
	varieties = {{"Cois Fharraige Irish", "Cois Fhairrge Irish"}, {"Connacht Irish", "Connaught Irish"}, "Cork Irish", "Donegal Irish", "Galway Irish", "Kerry Irish", "Mayo Irish", "Munster Irish", "Ulster Irish", "Waterford Irish", "West Muskerry Irish"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"mga"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "ú", "ý", "ḃ" , "ċ" , "ḋ" , "ḟ" , "ġ" , "ṁ" , "ṗ" , "ṡ" , "ṫ" },
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u", "y", "bh", "ch", "dh", "fh", "gh", "mh", "ph", "sh", "th"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-IL-PR-Ua-il-pr-u0-9ÁáÉéÍíÓóÚú" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["gd"] = {
	"Scottish Gaelic",
	"Q9314",
	"cel-gae",
	aliases = {"Gaelic", "Gàidhlig", "Scots Gaelic", "Scottish"},
	varieties = {"Argyll Gaelic", "Arran Scottish Gaelic", {"Canadian Gaelic", "Canadian Scottish Gaelic", "Cape Breton Gaelic"}, "East Sutherland Gaelic", {"Galwegian Gaelic", "Gallovidian Gaelic", "Gallowegian Gaelic", "Galloway Gaelic"}, "Hebridean Gaelic", "Highland Gaelic"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"mga"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áà]", "[éè]", "[íì]", "[óò]", "[úù]", "[ýỳ]"},
		to   = {"a"   , "e"   , "i"   , "o"   , "u"   , "y"   }} ,
	standardChars = "A-IL-PR-Ua-il-pr-u0-9ÀàÈèÌìÒòÙù" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["gl"] = {
	"Galician",
	"Q9307",
	"roa-ibe",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"roa-opt"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "ú"},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u"}} ,
}

m["gn"] = {
	"Guaraní",
	"Q35876",
	"tup-gua",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["gu"] = {
	"Gujarati",
	"Q5137",
	"inc-wes",
	scripts = {"Gujr"},
	ancestors = {"inc-mgu"},
	translit_module = "gu-translit",
}

m["gv"] = {
	"Manx",
	"Q12175",
	"cel-gae",
	aliases = {"Manx Gaelic"},
	varieties = {"Northern Manx", "Southern Manx"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"mga"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ç", "-"},
		to   = {"c"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-WYÇa-wyç0-9" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["ha"] = {
	"Hausa",
	"Q56475",
	"cdc-wst",
	scripts = LatnArab,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ɓ",   "ɗ",   "ƙ",  "'y", "ƴ",  "'" },
		to   = {"b~" , "d~"	, "k~", "y~", "y~", ""  }},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"R̃", "r̃", "À", "à", "È", "è", "Ì", "ì", "Ò", "ò", "Ù", "ù", "Â", "â", "Ê", "ê", "Î", "î", "Ô", "ô", "Û", "û", "Ā", "ā", "Ē", "ē", "Ī", "ī", "Ō", "ō", "Ū", "ū", "Á", "á", "É", "é", "Í", "í", "Ó", "ó", "Ú", "ú", "Ā̀", "ā̀", "Ḕ", "ḕ", "Ī̀", "ī̀", "Ṑ", "ṑ", "Ū̀", "ū̀", GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {"R", "r", "A", "a", "E", "e", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u"}},
}

m["he"] = {
	"Hebrew",
	"Q9288",
	"sem-can",
	aliases = {"Ivrit"},
	scripts = {"Hebr", "Phnx", "Brai"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[" .. u(0x0591) .. "-" .. u(0x05BD) .. u(0x05BF) .. "-" .. u(0x05C5) .. u(0x05C7) .. "]"},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["hi"] = {
	"হিন্দি",
	"Q1568",
	"inc-hnd",
	otherNames = {"Hindavi"},
	scripts = {"Deva", "Kthi", "Newa"},
	ancestors = {"inc-ohi"},
	translit_module = "hi-translit",
	standardChars = "ँंअ-ऊएऐओ-घच-झट-नप-रलवशसहा-ूेैो-◌्।-॰ड़ढ़" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["ho"] = {
	"Hiri Motu",
	"Q33617",
	"crp",
	aliases = {"Pidgin Motu", "Police Motu"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"meu"},
}

m["ht"] = {
	"Haitian Creole",
	"Q33491",
	"crp",
	aliases = {"Creole", "Haitian", "Kreyòl"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"fr"},
}

m["hu"] = {
	"Hungarian",
	"Q9067",
	"urj-ugr",
	aliases = {"Magyar"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Hung"},
	ancestors = {"ohu"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "ú", "[öő]", "[üű]", "cs", "dzs", "gy", "ly", "ny", "zs"},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u", "o~", "u~", "c~", "dz~", "g~", "l~", "n~", "z~"},
	},
}

m["hy"] = {
	"Armenian",
	"Q8785",
	"hyx",
	aliases = {"Modern Armenian"},
	varieties = {"Eastern Armenian", "Western Armenian"},
	scripts = {"Armn", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"axm"},
	translit_module = "Armn-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ու", "և", "եւ"},
		to   = {"ւ", "եվ", "եվ"}},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"՞", "՜", "՛", "՟", "և", "<sup>յ</sup>", "<sup>ի</sup>", "<sup>է</sup>"},
		to   = {"", "", "", "", "եւ", "յ", "ի", "է"}} ,
}

m["hz"] = {
	"Herero",
	"Q33315",
	"bnt-swb",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["ia"] = {
	"Interlingua",
	"Q35934",
	"art",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["id"] = {
	"Indonesian",
	"Q9240",
	"poz-mly",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"ms"},
}

m["ie"] = {
	"Interlingue",
	"Q35850",
	"art",
	aliases = {"Occidental"},
	scripts = Latn,
	type = "appendix-constructed",
}

m["ig"] = {
	"Igbo",
	"Q33578",
	"alv-igb",
	scripts = Latn,
		sort_key = {
		from = {"ụ", "ị",  "ọ", "gb", "gh", "gw", "kp", "kw", "ṅ", "nw", "ny", "sh"},
		to   = {"u~" , "i~", "o~", "gy", "gz", "g~", "kz", "k~", "ny", "nz", "n~", "s~"}},
	entry_name = { remove_diacritics = ACUTE .. GRAVE .. MACRON },
}

m["ii"] = {
	"Sichuan Yi",
	"Q34235",
	"tbq-lol",
	aliases = {"Nuosu", "Nosu", "Northern Yi", "Liangshan Yi"},
	scripts = {"Yiii"},
	translit_module = "ii-translit",
}

m["ik"] = {
	"Inupiaq",
	"Q27183",
	"esx-inu",
	aliases = {"Inupiak", "Iñupiaq", "Inupiatun"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["io"] = {
	"Ido",
	"Q35224",
	"art",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["is"] = {
	"Icelandic",
	"Q294",
	"gmq",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"non"},
}

m["it"] = {
	"Italian",
	"Q652",
	"roa-itd",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[àáâäå]", "[èéêë]", "[ìíîï]", "[òóôö]", "[ùúûü]"},
		to   = {"a"	  , "e"	 , "i"	 , "o"	 , "u"	 }} ,
	standardChars = "A-IL-VZa-il-vz0-9" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["iu"] = {
	"Inuktitut",
	"Q29921",
	"esx-inu",
	varieties = {
		"Aivilimmiut",
		{"Eastern Canadian Inuktitut", "Eastern Canadian Inuit"},
		{"Inuinnaq", "Inuinnaqtun"},
		{"Inuvialuktun", "Inuvialuk", "Western Canadian Inuktitut", "Western Canadian Inuit", "Western Canadian Inuktun"},
		"Kivallirmiut",
		"Natsilingmiut", "Nunavimmiutit", "Nunatsiavummiut",
		{"Siglitun", "Siglit"}},
	scripts = {"Cans", "Latn"},
	translit_module = "translit-redirect",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["ja"] = {
	"Japanese",
	"Q5287",
	"jpx",
	aliases = {"Modern Japanese", "Nipponese", "Nihongo"},
	scripts = {"Jpan", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"ojp"},
	--[=[
	-- Handled by jsort function in [[Module:ja]].
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[ぁァア]", "[ぃィイ]", "[ぅゔゥウヴ]", "[ぇェエ]", "[ぉォオ]", "[がゕカガヵ]", "[ぎキギ]", "[ぐクグㇰ]", "[げゖケゲヶ]", "[ごコゴ]", "[ざサザ]", "[じシジㇱ]", "[ずスズㇲ]", "[ぜセゼ]", "[ぞソゾ]", "[だタダ]", "[ぢチヂ]", "[っづッツヅ]", "[でテデ]", "[どトドㇳ]", "ナ", "ニ", "[ヌㇴ]", "ネ", "ノ", "[ばぱハバパㇵ]", "[びぴヒビピㇶ]", "[ぶぷフブプㇷ]", "[べぺヘベペㇸ]", "[ぼぽホボポㇹ]", "マ", "ミ", "[ムㇺ]", "メ", "モ", "[ゃャヤ]", "[ゅュユ]", "[ょョヨ]", "[ラㇻ]", "[リㇼ]", "[ルㇽ]", "[レㇾ]", "[ロㇿ]", "[ゎヮワヷ]", "[ヰヸ]", "[ヱヹ]", "[ヲヺ]", "ン", "[゙゚゛゜ゝゞ・ヽヾ]", "𛀀"},
		to   = {"あ", "い", "う", "え", "お", "か", "き", "く", "け", "こ", "さ", "し", "す", "せ", "そ", "た", "ち", "つ", "て", "と", "な", "に", "ぬ", "ね", "の", "は", "ひ", "ふ", "へ", "ほ", "ま", "み", "む", "め", "も", "や", "ゆ", "よ", "ら", "り", "る", "れ", "ろ", "わ", "ゐ", "ゑ", "を", "ん", "", "え"}},
	--]=]
}

m["jv"] = {
	"Javanese",
	"Q33549",
	"poz-sus",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Java"},
	translit_module = "jv-translit",
	ancestors = {"kaw"},
	link_tr = true,
}

m["ka"] = {
	"Georgian",
	"Q8108",
	"ccs-gzn",
	varieties = {{"Judeo-Georgian", "Kivruli", "Gruzinic"}},
	scripts = {"Geor", "Geok", "Hebr"}, -- Hebr is used to write Judeo-Georgian
	ancestors = {"oge"},
	translit_module = "Geor-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"̂"},
		to   = {""}},
}

m["kg"] = {
	"Kongo",
	"Q33702",
	"bnt-kng",
	aliases = {"Kikongo"},
	varieties = {"Koongo", "Laari", "San Salvador Kongo", "Yombe"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["ki"] = {
	"Kikuyu",
	"Q33587",
	"bnt-kka",
	aliases = {"Gikuyu", "Gĩkũyũ"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["kj"] = {
	"Kwanyama",
	"Q1405077",
	"bnt-ova",
	aliases = {"Kuanyama", "Oshikwanyama"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["kk"] = {
	"Kazakh",
	"Q9252",
	"trk-kno",
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Latn", "kk-Arab"},
	translit_module = "kk-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["kl"] = {
	"Greenlandic",
	"Q25355",
	"esx-inu",
	aliases = {"Kalaallisut"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["km"] = {
	"Khmer",
	"Q9205",
	"mkh-kmr",
	aliases = {"Cambodian"},
	scripts = {"Khmr"},
	ancestors = {"mkh-mkm"},
	translit_module = "km-translit",
}

m["kn"] = {
	"Kannada",
	"Q33673",
	"dra",
	scripts = {"Knda"},
	ancestors = {"dra-mkn"},
	translit_module = "kn-translit",
}

m["ko"] = {
	"Korean",
	"Q9176",
	"qfa-kor",
	aliases = {"Modern Korean"},
	scripts = {"Kore", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"okm"},
	-- 20210122 idea: strip parenthesized hanja from entry link
	-- Hani regex is a reasonable subset of Hani from [[Module:scripts/data]],
	-- last updated on 20210214.
	entry_name = {
		from = {
			"%([一-鿿㐀-䶿𠀀-𮯯𰀀-𱍏﨎﨏﨑﨓﨔﨟﨡﨣﨤﨧﨨﨩]+%)",
		},
		to   = {
			"",
		}},
	translit_module = "ko-translit",
}

m["kr"] = {
	"Kanuri",
	"Q36094",
	"ssa-sah",
	varieties = {"Kanembu", "Bilma Kanuri", "Central Kanuri", "Manga Kanuri", "Tumari Kanuri"},
	scripts = LatnArab,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ny", "ǝ", "sh"},
		to   = {"n~", "e~", "s~"}} , -- the sortkey and entry_name are only for standard Kanuri; when dialectal entries get added, someone will have to work out how the dialects should be represented orthographically
	entry_name = {
		from = {"À", "à", "È", "è", "Ǝ̀", "ǝ̀", "Ì", "ì", "Ò", "ò", "Ù", "ù", "Â", "â", "Ê", "ê", "Ǝ̂", "ǝ̂", "Î", "î", "Ô", "ô", "Û", "û", "Ă", "ă", "Ĕ", "ĕ", "Ǝ̆", "ǝ̆", "Ĭ", "ĭ", "Ŏ", "ŏ", "Ŭ", "ŭ", "Á", "á", "É", "é", "Ǝ́", "ǝ́", "Í", "í", "Ó", "ó", "Ú", "ú", GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {"A", "a", "E", "e", "Ǝ", "ǝ", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "Ǝ", "ǝ", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "Ǝ", "ǝ", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u", "A", "a", "E", "e", "Ǝ", "ǝ", "I", "i", "O", "o", "U", "u"}},
}

m["ks"] = {
	"Kashmiri",
	aliases = {"Koshur"},
	"Q33552",
	"inc-dar",
	scripts = {"ks-Arab", "Deva", "Shrd", "Latn"},
	translit_module = "translit-redirect",
	ancestors = {"inc-dar-pro"},
}

-- "kv" IS TREATED AS "koi", "kpv", SEE WT:LT

m["kw"] = {
	"Cornish",
	"Q25289",
	"cel-bry",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"cnx"},
}

m["ky"] = {
	"Kyrgyz",
	"Q9255",
	"trk-kip",
	aliases = {"Kirghiz", "Kirgiz"},
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Latn", "Arab"},
	translit_module = "ky-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["la"] = {
	"Latin",
	"Q397",
	"itc",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"itc-ola"},
	entry_name = {remove_diacritics = MACRON .. BREVE .. DIAER .. DOUBLEINVBREVE},
	standardChars = "A-Za-z0-9Æ挜Ā-ăĒ-ĕĪ-ĭŌ-ŏŪ-ŭȲȳ" .. MACRON .. BREVE .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["lb"] = {
	"Luxembourgish",
	"Q9051",
	"gmw",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmh"},
}

m["lg"] = {
	"Luganda",
	"Q33368",
	"bnt-nyg",
	aliases = {"Ganda", "Oluganda"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"á", "Á", "é", "É", "í", "Í", "ó", "Ó", "ú", "Ú", "ń", "Ń", "ḿ", "Ḿ", "â", "Â", "ê", "Ê", "î", "Î", "ô", "Ô", "û", "Û" },
		to   = {"a", "A", "e", "E", "i", "I", "o", "O", "u", "U", "n", "N", "m", "M", "a", "A", "e", "E", "i", "I", "o", "O", "u", "U",}},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ŋ"},
		to   = {"n"}} ,
}

m["li"] = {
	"Limburgish",
	"Q102172",
	"gmw",
	aliases = {"Limburgan", "Limburgian", "Limburgic"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"dum"},
}

m["ln"] = {
	"Lingala",
	"Q36217",
	"bnt-bmo",
	aliases = {"Ngala"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["lo"] = {
	"Lao",
	"Q9211",
	"tai-swe",
	aliases = {"Laotian"},
	scripts = {"Laoo"},
	translit_module = "lo-translit",
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[%pໆ]", "[່-ໍ]", "ຼ", "ຽ", "ໜ", "ໝ", "([ເແໂໃໄ])([ກ-ຮ])"},
		to   = {"", "", "ລ", "ຍ", "ຫນ", "ຫມ", "%2%1"}},
	standardChars = "0-9ກຂຄງຈຊຍດຕຖທນບປຜຝພຟມຢຣລວສຫອຮຯ-ໝ" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["lt"] = {
	"Lithuanian",
	"Q9083",
	"bat",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"olt"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[áãà]", "[ÁÃÀ]", "[éẽè]", "[ÉẼÈ]", "[íĩì]", "[ÍĨÌ]", "[ýỹ]", "[ÝỸ]", "ñ", "[óõò]", "[ÓÕÒ]", "[úũù]", "[ÚŨÙ]", ACUTE, GRAVE, TILDE},
		to   = {"a",       "A",     "e",     "E",     "i",     "I",     "y",   "Y",   "n",   "o",    "O",     "u",      "U"}} ,
}

m["lu"] = {
	"Luba-Katanga",
	"Q36157",
	"bnt-lub",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["lv"] = {
	"Latvian",
	"Q9078",
	"bat",
	aliases = {"Lettish", "Lett"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		-- This attempts to convert vowels with tone marks to vowels either with
		-- or without macrons. Specifically, there should be no macrons if the
		-- vowel is part of a diphthong (including resonant diphthongs such
		-- pìrksts -> pirksts not #pīrksts). What we do is first convert the
		-- vowel + tone mark to a vowel + tilde in a decomposed fashion,
		-- then remove the tilde in diphthongs, then convert the remaining
		-- vowel + tilde sequences to macroned vowels, then delete any other
		-- tilde. We leave already-macroned vowels alone: Both e.g. ar and ār
		-- occur before consonants. FIXME: This still might not be sufficient.
		from = {"Ȩ", "ȩ", "[ÂÃÀ]", "[âãà]", "[ÊẼÈ]", "[êẽè]", "[ÎĨÌ]", "[îĩì]", "[ÔÕÒ]", "[ôõò]", "[ÛŨÙ]", "[ûũù]", "[ÑǸ]", "[ñǹ]", "[" .. CIRC .. TILDE ..GRAVE .."]", "([aAeEiIoOuU])" .. TILDE .."?([lrnmuiLRNMUI])" .. TILDE .. "?([^aAeEiIoOuUāĀēĒīĪūŪ])", "([aAeEiIoOuU])" .. TILDE .."?([lrnmuiLRNMUI])" .. TILDE .."?$", "([iI])" .. TILDE .. "?([eE])" .. TILDE .. "?", "A" .. TILDE, "a" .. TILDE, "E" .. TILDE, "e" .. TILDE, "I" .. TILDE, "i" .. TILDE, "U" .. TILDE, "u" .. TILDE, TILDE},
		to   = {"E", "e", "A" .. TILDE, "a" .. TILDE, "E" .. TILDE, "e" .. TILDE, "I" .. TILDE, "i" .. TILDE, "O", "o", "U" .. TILDE, "u" .. TILDE, "N", "n", TILDE, "%1%2%3", "%1%2", "%1%2", "Ā", "ā", "Ē", "ē", "Ī", "ī", "Ū", "ū", ""}},
}

m["mg"] = {
	"Malagasy",
	"Q7930",
	"poz-bre",
	varieties = {
		{"Antankarana", "Antankarana Malagasy"},
		{"Bara Malagasy", "Bara"}, {"Betsimisaraka Malagasy", "Betsimisaraka"}, {"Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy", "Northern Betsimisaraka"}, {"Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy", "Southern Betsimisaraka"}, {"Bushi", "Shibushi", "Kibushi"},
		{"Masikoro Malagasy", "Masikoro"},
		"Plateau Malagasy",
		"Sakalava",
		{"Tandroy Malagasy", "Tandroy"}, {"Tanosy", "Tanosy Malagasy"}, "Tesaka", {"Tsimihety", "Tsimihety Malagasy"}},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["mh"] = {
	"Marshallese",
	"Q36280",
	"poz-mic",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ā" , "ļ" , "m̧" , "ņ" , "n̄"  , "o̧" , "ō"  , "ū" },
		to   = {"a~", "l~", "m~", "n~", "n~~", "o~", "o~~", "u~"}} ,
}

m["mi"] = {
	"Maori",
	"Q36451",
	"poz-pep",
	aliases = {"Māori"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["mk"] = {
	"Macedonian",
	"Q9296",
	"zls",
	scripts = Cyrl,
	translit_module = "mk-translit",
	entry_name = {
		from = {ACUTE},
		to   = {}},
}

m["ml"] = {
	"Malayalam",
	"Q36236",
	"dra",
	scripts = {"Mlym"},
	translit_module = "ml-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["mn"] = {
	"Mongolian",
	"Q9246",
	"xgn",
	varieties = {"Khalkha Mongolian"},
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Mong", "Soyo", "Zanb"}, -- entries in Soyo or Zanb might require prior discussion
	ancestors = {"cmg"},
	translit_module = "mn-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

-- "mo" IS TREATED AS "ro", SEE WT:LT

m["mr"] = {
	"Marathi",
	"Q1571",
	"inc-sou",
	scripts = {"Deva", "Modi"},
	ancestors = {"omr"},
	translit_module = "mr-translit",
}

m["ms"] = {
	"Malay",
	"Q9237",
	"poz-mly",
	aliases = {"Malaysian", "Standard Malay"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "ms-Arab"},
}

m["mt"] = {
	"Maltese",
	"Q9166",
	"sem-arb",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"sqr"},
    sort_key = {
        from = {"ċ", "ġ", "ħ"},
        to = {"c", "g", "h"}
    }
}

m["my"] = {
	"Burmese",
	"Q9228",
	"tbq-brm",
	aliases = {"Myanmar"},
	varieties = {"Mandalay Burmese", "Myeik Burmese", "Palaw Burmese", {"Rangoon Burmese", "Yangon Burmese"}, "Yaw Burmese"},
	scripts = {"Mymr"},
	ancestors = {"obr"},
	translit_module = "my-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ျ", "ြ", "ွ", "ှ", "ဿ"},
		to   = {"္ယ", "္ရ", "္ဝ", "္ဟ", "သ္သ"}},
}

m["na"] = {
	"Nauruan",
	"Q13307",
	"poz-mic",
	aliases = {"Nauru"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["nb"] = {
	"Norwegian Bokmål",
	"Q25167",
	"gmq",
	aliases = {"Bokmål"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmq-mno"},
	wikimedia_codes = {"no"},
}

m["nd"] = {
	"Northern Ndebele",
	"Q35613",
	"bnt-ngu",
	aliases = {"North Ndebele"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

m["ne"] = {
	"Nepali",
	"Q33823",
	"inc-pah",
	aliases = {"Nepalese"},
	varieties = {"Palpa"}, -- "Q3832956", former "plp", retired by ISO as spurious
	scripts = {"Deva", "Newa"},
	translit_module = "ne-translit",
}

m["ng"] = {
	"Ndonga",
	"Q33900",
	"bnt-ova",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["nl"] = {
	"Dutch",
	"Q7411",
	"gmw",
	varieties = {"Netherlandic", "Flemish"}, -- FIXME, check this
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"dum"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[äáâå]", "[ëéê]", "[ïíî]", "[öóô]", "[üúû]", "ç", "ñ", "^-"},
		to   = {"a"	 , "e"	, "i"	, "o"	, "u"	, "c", "n"}} ,
	standardChars = "A-Za-z0-9" .. PUNCTUATION .. u(0x2800) .. "-" .. u(0x28FF),
}

m["nn"] = {
	"Norwegian Nynorsk",
	"Q25164",
	"gmq",
	aliases = {"New Norwegian", "Nynorsk"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmq-mno"},
}

m["no"] = {
	"Norwegian",
	"Q9043",
	"gmq",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmq-mno"},
}

m["nr"] = {
	"Southern Ndebele",
	"Q36785",
	"bnt-ngu",
	aliases = {"South Ndebele"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

m["nv"] = {
	"Navajo",
	"Q13310",
	"apa",
	aliases = {"Navaho", "Diné bizaad"},
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áą]", "[éę]", "[íį]", "[óǫ]", "ń", "^n([djlt])", "ł" , "[ʼ’']", ACUTE},
		to   = {"a"   , "e"   , "i"   , "o"   , "n", "ni%1"	  , "l~"}}, -- the tilde is used to guarantee that ł will always be sorted after all other words with l
}

m["ny"] = {
	"Chichewa",
	"Q33273",
	"bnt-nys",
	aliases = {"Chicheŵa", "Chinyanja", "Nyanja", "Chewa", "Cicewa", "Cewa", "Cinyanja"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"ŵ", "Ŵ", "á", "Á", "é", "É", "í", "Í", "ó", "Ó", "ú", "Ú", "ń", "Ń", "ḿ", "Ḿ" },
		to   = {"w", "W", "a", "A", "e", "E", "i", "I", "o", "O", "u", "U", "n", "N", "m", "M"}},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ng'"},
		to   = {"ng"}} ,
}

m["oc"] = {
	"Occitan",
	"Q14185",
	"roa",
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	scripts = {"Latn", "Hebr"},
	ancestors = {"pro"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[àá]", "[èé]", "[íï]", "[òó]", "[úü]", "ç", "([lns])·h"},
		to   = {"a"   , "e"   , "i"   , "o"   , "u"   , "c", "%1h"	  }} ,
}

m["oj"] = {
	"Ojibwe",
	"Q33875",
	"alg",
	aliases = {"Ojibway", "Ojibwa"},
	varieties = {{"Chippewa", "Ojibwemowin", "Southwestern Ojibwa"}},
	scripts = {"Cans", "Latn"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"aa", "ʼ",  "ii", "oo", "sh", "zh"},
		to   = {"a~", "h~", "i~", "o~", "s~", "z~"}} ,
}

m["om"] = {
	"Oromo",
	"Q33864",
	"cus",
	varieties = {"Orma", "Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo", "West Central Oromo"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Ethi"},
}

m["or"] = {
	"Oriya",
	"Q33810",
	"inc-eas",
	aliases = {"Odia", "Oorya"},
	scripts = {"Orya"},
	ancestors = {"inc-mor"},
	translit_module = "or-translit",
}

m["os"] = {
	"Ossetian",
	"Q33968",
	"xsc",
	aliases = {"Ossete", "Ossetic"},
	varieties = {"Digor", "Iron"},
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Geor", "Latn"},
	ancestors = {"oos"},
	translit_module = "os-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	entry_name = {
		from = {GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["pa"] = {
	"Punjabi",
	"Q58635",
	"inc-pan",
	aliases = {"Panjabi"},
	scripts = {"Guru", "pa-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"inc-opa"},
	translit_module = "translit-redirect",
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x064B), u(0x064C), u(0x064D), u(0x064E), u(0x064F), u(0x0650), u(0x0651), u(0x0652)},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["pi"] = {
	"Pali",
	"Q36727",
	"pra",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Brah", "Deva", "Beng", "Sinh", "Mymr", "Thai", "Lana", "Laoo", "Khmr"},
	ancestors = {"sa"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ā", "ī", "ū", "ḍ", "ḷ", "[ṁṃ]", "[ṇñṅ]", "ṭ", "([เโ])([ก-ฮ])", "([ເໂ])([ກ-ຮ])", "ᩔ", "ᩕ", "ᩖ", "ᩘ", "([ᨭ-ᨱ])ᩛ", "([ᨷ-ᨾ])ᩛ", "ᩤ", u(0xFE00), u(0x200D)},
		to   = {"a", "i", "u", "d", "l", "m"   , "n"	, "t", "%2%1", "%2%1", "ᩈ᩠ᩈ", "᩠ᩁ", "᩠ᩃ", "ᨦ᩠", "%1᩠ᨮ", "%1᩠ᨻ", "ᩣ"}} ,
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0xFE00)},
		to   = {}},
}

m["pl"] = {
	"Polish",
	"Q809",
	"zlw-lch",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"zlw-opl"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[Ąą]", "[Ćć]", "[Ęę]", "[Łł]", "[Ńń]", "[Óó]", "[Śś]", "[Żż]", "[Źź]"},
		to   = {
			"a" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"c" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"e" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"l" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"n" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"o" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"s" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"z" .. u(0x10FFFF),
			"z" .. u(0x10FFFE)}} ,
}

m["ps"] = {
	"Pashto",
	"Q58680",
	"ira-pat",
	aliases = {"Pashtun", "Pushto", "Pashtu", "Afghani"},
	varieties = {"Central Pashto", "Northern Pashto", "Southern Pashto", {"Pukhto", "Pakhto", "Pakkhto"}},
	scripts = {"ps-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"ira-pat-pro"},
}

m["pt"] = {
	"Portuguese",
	"Q5146",
	"roa-ibe",
	aliases = {"Modern Portuguese"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Brai"},
	ancestors = {"roa-opt"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[àãáâä]", "[èẽéêë]", "[ìĩíï]", "[òóôõö]", "[üúùũ]", "ç", "ñ"},
		to   = {"a"	  , "e"	  , "i"	 , "o"	  , "u"	 , "c", "n"}} ,
}

m["qu"] = {
	"Quechua",
	"Q5218",
	"qwe",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["rm"] = {
	"Romansch",
	"Q13199",
	"roa-rhe",
	aliases = {"Romansh", "Rumantsch", "Romanche"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["ro"] = {
	"Romanian",
	"Q7913",
	"roa-eas",
	aliases = {"Daco-Romanian", "Roumanian", "Rumanian"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Cyrl"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ă" , "â"  , "î" , "ș" , "ț" },
		to   = {"a~", "a~~", "i~", "s~", "t~"}},
}

m["ru"] = {
	"Russian",
	"Q7737",
	"zle",
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Brai"},
	translit_module = "ru-translit",
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ё"},
		to   = {"е" .. mw.ustring.char(0x10FFFF)}},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"Ѐ", "ѐ", "Ѝ", "ѝ", GRAVE, ACUTE, DIAER},
		to   = {"Е", "е", "И", "и"}},
	standardChars = "ЁА-яё0-9—" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["rw"] = {
	"Rwanda-Rundi",
	"Q3217514",
	"bnt-glb",
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	varieties = {{"Ha", "Giha"}, "Hangaza", "Vinza", "Shubi"}, -- Deleted "Subi", which normally refers to a different language
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[áāâǎā́]", "[éēêěḗ]", "[íīîǐī́]", "[óōôǒṓ]", "[úūûǔū́]"},
		to   = {"a", "e"   , "i", "o"   , "u"} },
}

m["sa"] = {
	"Sanskrit",
	"Q11059",
	"inc-old",
	scripts = {"Deva", "Bali", "as-Beng", "Beng", "Bhks", "Brah", "Gran", "Gujr", "Guru", "Java", "Khar", "Khmr", "Knda", "Lana", "Laoo", "Mlym", "Modi", "Mymr", "Newa", "Orya", "Saur", "Shrd", "Sidd", "Sinh", "Taml", "Telu", "Thai", "Tibt", "Tirh"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ā", "ī", "ū", "ḍ", "ḷ", "[ṁṃ]", "[ṇñṅ]", "ṭ", "([เโไ])([ก-ฮ])", "([ເໂໄ])([ກ-ຮ])", "ᩔ", "ᩕ", "ᩖ", "ᩘ", "([ᨭ-ᨱ])ᩛ", "([ᨷ-ᨾ])ᩛ", "ᩤ", u(0xFE00), u(0x200D)},
		to   = {"a", "i", "u", "d", "l", "m"   , "n"	, "t", "%2%1", "%2%1", "ᩈ᩠ᩈ", "᩠ᩁ", "᩠ᩃ", "ᨦ᩠", "%1᩠ᨮ", "%1᩠ᨻ", "ᩣ"}} ,
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0xFE00)},
		to   = {}},
	translit_module = "translit-redirect",
}

m["sc"] = {
	"Sardinian",
	"Q33976",
	"roa",
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["sd"] = {
	"Sindhi",
	"Q33997",
	"inc-snd",
	scripts = {"sd-Arab", "Deva", "Sind", "Khoj"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x0671), u(0x064B), u(0x064C), u(0x064D), u(0x064E), u(0x064F), u(0x0650), u(0x0651), u(0x0652), u(0x0670), u(0x0640)},
		to   = {u(0x0627)}},
	ancestors = {"inc-vra"},
}

m["se"] = {
	"Northern Sami",
	"Q33947",
	"smi",
	aliases = {"North Sami", "Northern Saami", "North Saami"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"ạ", "[ēẹ]", "ī", "[ōọ]", "ū", "ˈ"},
		to   = {"a", "e"   , "i", "o"   , "u"} },
	sort_key = {
		from = {"á" , "č" , "đ" , "ŋ" , "š" , "ŧ" , "ž" },
		to   = {"a²", "c²", "d²", "n²", "s²", "t²", "z²"} },
	standardChars = "A-PR-VZa-pr-vz0-9ÁáČčĐđŊŋŠšŦŧŽž" .. PUNCTUATION,
}

m["sg"] = {
	"Sango",
	"Q33954",
	"crp",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"ngb"},
}

m["sh"] = {
	"Serbo-Croatian",
	"Q9301",
	"zls",
	aliases = {"BCS", "Croato-Serbian", "Serbocroatian"},
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	varieties = {"Bosnian", "Croatian", "Montenegrin", "Serbian", "Shtokavian"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Cyrl", "Glag"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[ȀÀȂÁĀÃ]", "[ȁàȃáāã]", "[ȄÈȆÉĒẼ]", "[ȅèȇéēẽ]", "[ȈÌȊÍĪĨ]", "[ȉìȋíīĩ]", "[ȌÒȎÓŌÕ]", "[ȍòȏóōõ]", "[ȐȒŔ]", "[ȑȓŕ]", "[ȔÙȖÚŪŨ]", "[ȕùȗúūũ]", "Ѐ", "ѐ", "[ӢЍ]", "[ӣѝ]", "[Ӯ]", "[ӯ]", GRAVE, ACUTE, DGRAVE, INVBREVE, MACRON, TILDE},
		to   = {"A"	  , "a"	  , "E"	  , "e"	  , "I"	  , "i"	  , "O"	  , "o"	  , "R"	, "r"	, "U"	  , "u"	  , "Е", "е", "И"   , "и", "У", "у"   }},
	wikimedia_codes = {"sh", "bs", "hr", "sr"},
}

m["si"] = {
	"Sinhalese",
	"Q13267",
	"inc-ins",
	aliases = {"Singhalese", "Sinhala"},
	scripts = {"Sinh"},
	ancestors = {"elu-prk"},
	translit_module = "si-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["sk"] = {
	"Slovak",
	"Q9058",
	"zlw",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áä]", "é", "í", "[óô]", "ú", "ý", "ŕ", "ĺ", "[" .. DIAER .. ACUTE .. CIRC .. "]"},
		to   = {"a"   , "e", "i", "o"   , "u", "y", "r", "l", ""}} ,
}

m["sl"] = {
	"Slovene",
	"Q9063",
	"zls",
	aliases = {"Slovenian"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[ÁÀÂĀȂȀ]", "[áàâāȃȁ]", "[ÉÈÊĒȆȄỆẸ]", "[éèêēȇȅệẹə]", "[ÍÌÎĪȊȈ]", "[íìîīȋȉ]", "[ÓÒÔŌȎȌỘỌ]", "[óòôōȏȍộọ]", "[ŔȒȐ]", "[ŕȓȑ]", "[ÚÙÛŪȖȔ]", "[úùûūȗȕ]", "ł", GRAVE, ACUTE, CIRC, MACRON, DGRAVE, INVBREVE, DOTBELOW},
		to   = {"A"       , "a"       , "E"         , "e"          , "I"       , "i"       , "O"         , "o"         , "R"    , "r"    , "U"       , "u"       , "l"},
	},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"č" , "š" , "ž" },
		to   = {"c²", "s²", "z²"},
	},
}

m["sm"] = {
	"Samoan",
	"Q34011",
	"poz-pnp",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["sn"] = {
	"Shona",
	"Q34004",
	"bnt-sho",
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {remove_diacritics = ACUTE},
}

m["so"] = {
	"Somali",
	"Q13275",
	"cus",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Arab", "Osma"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[ÁÀÂ]", "[áàâ]", "[ÉÈÊ]", "[éèê]", "[ÍÌÎ]", "[íìî]", "[ÓÒÔ]", "[óòô]", "[ÚÙÛ]", "[úùû]", "[ÝỲ]", "[ýỳ]"},
		to   = {"A"	  , "a"	  , "E"	, "e" , "I"	  , "i"	  , "O"	, "o"	, "U"  , "u", "Y", "y"}} ,
}

m["sq"] = {
	"Albanian",
	"Q8748",
	"sqj",
	-- don't list varieties here that are in [[Module:etymology languages/data]]
	scripts = {"Latn", "Grek", "Elba"},
	entry_name = {remove_diacritics = ACUTE},
	sort_key = {
		from = { '[âãä]', '[ÂÃÄ]', '[êẽë]', '[ÊẼË]', 'ĩ', 'Ĩ', 'õ', 'Õ', 'ũ', 'Ũ', 'ỹ', 'Ỹ', 'ç', 'Ç' },
		to   = {     'a',     'A',     'e',     'E', 'i', 'I', 'o', 'O', 'u', 'U', 'y', 'Y', 'c', 'C' } } ,
}

m["ss"] = {
	"Swazi",
	"Q34014",
	"bnt-ngu",
	aliases = {"Swati"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

m["st"] = {
	"Sotho",
	"Q34340",
	"bnt-sts",
	aliases = {"Sesotho", "Southern Sesotho", "Southern Sotho"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

m["su"] = {
	"Sundanese",
	"Q34002",
	"poz-msa",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Sund"},
	translit_module = "su-translit",
}

m["sv"] = {
	"Swedish",
	"Q9027",
	"gmq",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"gmq-osw"},
}

m["sw"] = {
	"Swahili",
	"Q7838",
	"bnt-swh",
	varieties = {{"Settler Swahili", "KiSetla", "KiSettla", "Setla", "Settla", "Kitchen Swahili"}, {"Kihindi", "Indian Swahili"}, {"KiShamba", "Kishamba", "Field Swahili"}, {"Kibabu", "Asian Swahili"}, {"Kimanga", "Arab Swahili"}, {"Kitvita", "Army Swahili"}},
	scripts = LatnArab,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ng'", "^-"},
		to   = {"ngz"}} ,
}

m["ta"] = {
	"Tamil",
	"Q5885",
	"dra",
	scripts = {"Taml"},
	ancestors = {"oty"},
	translit_module = "ta-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["te"] = {
	"Telugu",
	"Q8097",
	"dra",
	scripts = {"Telu"},
	translit_module = "te-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["tg"] = {
	"Tajik",
	"Q9260",
	"ira-swi",
	aliases = {"Eastern Persian", "Tadjik", "Tadzhik", "Tajiki", "Tajik Persian", "Tajiki Persian"},
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "fa-Arab", "Latn"},
	ancestors = {"pal"}, -- same as "fa", see WT:T:AFA
	translit_module = "tg-translit",
	override_translit = true,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"Ё", "ё"},
		to   = {"Е" , "е"}} ,
	entry_name = {
		from = {ACUTE},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["th"] = {
	"Thai",
	"Q9217",
	"tai-swe",
	aliases = {"Central Thai", "Siamese"},
	scripts = {"Thai", "Brai"},
	translit_module = "th-translit",
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[%pๆ]", "[็-๎]", "([เแโใไ])([ก-ฮ])"},
		to   = {"", "", "%2%1"}},
}

m["ti"] = {
	"Tigrinya",
	"Q34124",
	"sem-eth",
	aliases = {"Tigrigna"},
	scripts = {"Ethi"},
	translit_module = "Ethi-translit",
}

m["tk"] = {
	"Turkmen",
	"Q9267",
	"trk-ogz",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Cyrl", "Arab"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"ā", "ē", "ī", "ō", "ū", "ȳ", "ȫ", "ǖ", MACRON},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u", "y", "ö", "ü", ""}},
	ancestors = {"trk-ogz-pro"},
}

m["tl"] = {
	"Tagalog",
	"Q34057",
	"phi",
	scripts = {"Latn", "Tglg"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[áàâ]", "[éèê]", "[íìî]", "[óòô]", "[úùû]", ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC},
		to   = {"a"    , "e"    , "i"    , "o"    , "u"    }},
}

m["tn"] = {
	"Tswana",
	"Q34137",
	"bnt-sts",
	aliases = {"Setswana"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["to"] = {
	"Tongan",
	"Q34094",
	"poz-pol",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ā", "ē", "ī", "ō", "ū", MACRON},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u", ""}},
	entry_name = {
		from = {"á", "é", "í", "ó", "ú", ACUTE},
		to   = {"a", "e", "i", "o", "u", ""}},
}

m["tr"] = {
	"Turkish",
	"Q256",
	"trk-ogz",
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"ota"},
}

m["ts"] = {
	"Tsonga",
	"Q34327",
	"bnt-tsr",
	aliases = {"Xitsonga"},
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["tt"] = {
	"Tatar",
	"Q25285",
	"trk-kbu",
	scripts = {"Cyrl", "Latn", "tt-Arab"},
	translit_module = "tt-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

-- "tw" IS TREATED AS "ak", SEE WT:LT

m["ty"] = {
	"Tahitian",
	"Q34128",
	"poz-pep",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["ug"] = {
	"Uyghur",
	"Q13263",
	"trk-kar",
	aliases = {"Uigur", "Uighur", "Uygur"},
	scripts = {"ug-Arab", "Latn", "Cyrl"},
	ancestors = {"chg"},
	translit_module = "ug-translit",
	override_translit = true,
}

m["uk"] = {
	"Ukrainian",
	"Q8798",
	"zle",
	scripts = Cyrl,
	ancestors = {"orv"},
	translit_module = "uk-translit",
	entry_name = {
		from = {"Ѐ", "ѐ", "Ѝ", "ѝ", GRAVE, ACUTE},
		to   = {"Е", "е", "И", "и"}},
	standardChars = "ЄІЇА-ЩЬЮ-щьюяєії" .. PUNCTUATION,
} 
m["ur"] = {
	"উর্দু",
	"Q1617",
	"inc-hnd",
	scripts = {"ur-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"inc-ohi"},
	entry_name = {
		from = {u(0x064B), u(0x064C), u(0x064D), u(0x064E), u(0x064F), u(0x0650), u(0x0651), u(0x0652), u(0x0658)},
		to   = {}} ,
}

m["uz"] = {
	"Uzbek",
	"Q9264",
	"trk-kar",
	varieties = {"Northern Uzbek", "Southern Uzbek"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Cyrl", "fa-Arab"},
	ancestors = {"chg"},
}

m["ve"] = {
	"Venda",
	"Q32704",
	"bnt-bso",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["vi"] = {
	"Vietnamese",
	"Q9199",
	"mkh-vie",
	aliases = {"Annamese", "Annamite"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Hani"},
	ancestors = {"mkh-mvi"},
	sort_key = "vi-sortkey",
}

m["vo"] = {
	"Volapük",
	"Q36986",
	"art",
	scripts = Latn,
}

m["wa"] = {
	"Walloon",
	"Q34219",
	"roa-oil",
	varieties = {"Liégeois", "Namurois", "Wallo-Picard", "Wallo-Lorrain"},
	scripts = Latn,
	ancestors = {"fro"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[áàâäå]", "[éèêë]", "[íìîï]", "[óòôö]", "[úùûü]", "[ýỳŷÿ]", "ç", "'"},
		to   = {"a"	  , "e"	 , "i"	 , "o"	 , "u"	 , "y"	 , "c"}} ,
}

m["wo"] = {
	"Wolof",
	"Q34257",
	"alv-fwo",
	varieties = {"Gambian Wolof"}, -- the subsumed dialect 'wof'
	scripts = LatnArab,
}

m["xh"] = {
	"Xhosa",
	"Q13218",
	"bnt-ngu",
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

m["yi"] = {
	"Yiddish",
	"Q8641",
	"gmw",
	varieties = {"American Yiddish", "Daytshmerish Yiddish", "Mideastern Yiddish", "Galitzish",
		{"Northeastern Yiddish", "Litvish", "Lithuanian Yiddish"},
		{"Northwestern Yiddish", "Netherlandic Yiddish"},
		{"Polish Yiddish", "Poylish"},
		"South African Yiddish",
		{"Southeastern Yiddish", "Ukrainian Yiddish", "Ukrainish"},
		{"Southwestern Yiddish", "Judeo-Alsatian"},
		"Udmurtish"
	},
	scripts = {"Hebr"},
	ancestors = {"gmh"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"[אַאָ]", "בּ", "[וֹוּ]", "יִ", "ײַ", "פֿ"},
		to = {"א", "ב", "ו", "י",	"יי", "פ"}} ,
	translit_module = "yi-translit",
}

m["yo"] = {
	"Yoruba",
	"Q34311",
	"alv-yor",
	scripts = Latn,
	sort_key = {
		from = {"ẹ",   "ọ", "gb", "ṣ"},
		to   = {"e~" , "o~", "g~", "s~"}},
	entry_name = { remove_diacritics = ACUTE .. GRAVE .. MACRON },
}

m["za"] = {
	"Zhuang",
	"Q13216",
	"tai",
	-- FIXME, are all of the following distinct?
	varieties = {
		"Chongzuo Zhuang",
		"Guibei Zhuang", "Guibian Zhuang",
		"Central Hongshuihe Zhuang", "Eastern Hongshuihe Zhuang",
		"Lianshan Zhuang", "Liujiang Zhuang", "Liuqian Zhuang",
		{"Min Zhuang", "Minz Zhuang"},
		"Nong Zhuang", -- see zhn
		"Qiubei Zhuang",
		"Shangsi Zhuang",
		{"Dai Zhuang", "Wenma", "Wenma Thu", "Wenma Zhuang"},
		"Yang Zhuang",
		{"Yongbei Zhuang", "Wuming Zhuang", "Standard Zhuang"},
		"Yongnan Zhuang", "Youjiang Zhuang",
		"Zuojiang Zhuang"},
	scripts = {"Latn", "Hani"},
	sort_key = {
		from = {"%p"},
		to   = {""}},
}

m["zh"] = {
	"Chinese",
	"Q7850",
	"zhx",
	scripts = {"Hani", "Brai", "Nshu"},
	ancestors = {"ltc"},
	sort_key = "zh-sortkey",
}

m["zu"] = {
	"Zulu",
	"Q10179",
	"bnt-ngu",
	aliases = {"isiZulu"},
	scripts = Latn,
	entry_name = {
		from = {"[āàáâǎ]", "[ēèéêě]", "[īìíîǐ]", "[ōòóôǒ]", "[ūùúûǔ]", "ḿ", "[ǹńň]", MACRON, ACUTE, GRAVE, CIRC, CARON},
		to   = {"a"      , "e"      , "i"      , "o"      , "u"      , "m", "n"    }},
}

return m